A radiant complexion is an asset for every woman. It can become your part if you introduce proper care habits and use appropriate cosmetics. How to take care of your skin on a daily basis? How to cleanse and moisturize it? What ingredients to look for in creams. 

What are the basic principles of skin care?

The first step is to identify and know your skin type. If we already know what type of skin we have and what features our skin has, it is easier for us to choose the right care. The second stage is proper washing and cleansing, which prepares the skin to absorb active ingredients contained in cosmetics. The third important principle of care is the use of an appropriate cream matched to the needs and type of skin - both in terms of its consistency and effect.

How to safely cleanse the skin?

Cleansing the skin should never irritate it or cause discomfort. If this happens, it means that the cosmetic used is not suitable for us. Skin cleansing should be done twice a day, morning and evening. It is best to use delicate preparations for this purpose - washing gel or foam, such as Cetaphil gentle cleansing gel or PRO OIL Control foam. Then dry the skin and apply the appropriate cream.

In the evening, I recommend a two-step cleansing. The first step is to remove impurities with a micellar emulsion. Moisten the skin with water, apply the EM micellar emulsion and massage the skin of the face with circular movements for 1-2 minutes. In the second stage, wash the skin with gel or foam, also for 1-2 minutes, rinse with lukewarm water. At the end, dry the face with a towel by gently pressing it - do not rub!

What role does moisturizing play in daily care?

Properly moisturized skin looks fresh and healthy. Lack of proper hydration affects the appearance of dryness, redness, and hyperkeratosis. It causes peeling of the skin and premature aging. Properly selected care ensures skin comfort.

Which ingredients have the best moisturizing effect?

Creams moisturize the skin surface and protect against water loss from the epidermis. The moisturizing of the skin is supported by ingredients such as lipids, vitamins, hyaluronic acid, and vegetable oils. The water-lipid coat of the skin is also rebuilt by vitamin E, glycerin and panthenol.

What to consider when choosing moisturizing creams and lotions?

First of all, we must know the type of our skin and choose the consistencies and compositions of cosmetics that are appropriate for us. Oily and combination skin like light texture (Cetaphil Moisturizing Day Cream, MD Lotion). Dry and normal skin usually react better to richer textures of creams (Cetaphil DA intensively moisturizing cream). If we have sensitive skin, we check whether the product is dermatologically tested.

Why should cleansing and moisturizing be the basis of care?

Regularly moisturized and cleansed skin will stay in good condition for a long time. Cleansing is not only washing the skin, but also preparing it properly to absorb the active ingredients contained in the cream. Without it, we cannot expect the cosmetic to be effective. Skin cleansing should be performed with preparations that do not irritate the skin, do not tighten it, wash it thoroughly and unblock pores (Cetaphil EM Micellar washing emulsion). Only well-cleansed and non-irritated skin is able to react properly to moisturizing care.

Do the rules of moisturizing and cleansing change depending on the age and type of skin?

Oily, combination and acne skin require specialist care, therefore gels and foams are the best for cleansing. The consistency of creams should have light formulas, moisturize and accelerate skin regeneration (Cetaphil Pro Oil Control moisturizing and matting cream). Normal, dry and mature skin prefer denser and rich cream formulas. It is important that they cover the skin and replenish its damaged water-lipid coat.

The skin of mature women is more demanding because, due to hormonal changes related to menopause, it becomes thin, dry and sensitive. This is due to the decreasing activity of the sebaceous glands. When we enter menopause, we must remember that the skin will require more care, hydration, soothing and regeneration.

How to take care of sensitive and demanding skin?

The care steps for all skin types remain the same - we wash and moisturize it twice a day. In the case of dry and sensitive skin, we can perform an additional ritual during the day to help moisturize. Such complexion is very capricious and delicate, often reacts badly to cosmetics saturated with active ingredients and fragrances. I usually recommend dermocosmetics dedicated to sensitive skin (eg Cetaphil PS lipoactive moisturizing cream, DA Ultra intensively moisturizing cream, MD dermoprotector body lotion).

Influenza is, in the minds of many Poles, a light disease that is no different from a common cold. Nothing could be more wrong. Its course can be very severe and complications are serious. The World Health Organization estimates that up to half a million patients die of flu every year.

Flu is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world. Nevertheless, it is often mistaken for a cold, which gives us a false sense of security. And while we can get vaccinated against the flu, we rarely do it. In general, the vaccination coverage remains at the level of approx. 4%. in the entire population, in children at the level of 1%, and in people over 65 - 14%. The myths surrounding influenza vaccination circulate in society to some extent. They are extremely harmful. So let's deal with a few of the most popular.

MYTH: Flu vaccination can cause this disease

There is probably no person who would not hear that someone got vaccinated against the flu and fell ill with it. In fact, however, it is unlikely. It must be remembered that the vaccine protects only against the flu virus, which can not only significantly weaken the body, but also cause many dangerous complications. However, it does not protect against parainfluenza viruses or pathogens responsible for the appearance of cold symptoms. These, although they may force us to rest in bed for a few days, are not as dangerous and dangerous as the flu virus.

There are two types of vaccines available: inactivated, injected and live, intranasal (attenuated - containing weakened viruses). Therefore, administration of either vaccine cannot cause disease. Vaccination does not guarantee that we will not get sick, but - most importantly - it protects us and our children against more serious complications, e.g. pneumonia, meningitis, myocarditis, sepsis or exacerbation of a chronic disease.

TRUE: The flu virus mutates and vaccination has to be repeated every year

The flu virus has the trait that it mutates rapidly. The pathogen that caused the disease last year may have a completely different structure. Therefore, it is necessary to change the composition of the vaccine according to the recommendations issued by the World Health Organization. Due to the antigenic variability of the influenza virus, we do not acquire full immunity after the disease. This means you can get the flu several times.

MYTH: During the coronavirus pandemic, it's better not to get vaccinated

As the world struggles with the coronavirus pandemic, many people fear vaccination. Doctors and scientists reassure: vaccination is safe and absolutely advisable. There are several reasons. Firstly, the vaccination coverage level is very low, which means that there is no question of herd immunity. And only in this way could we protect the weakest, e.g. seniors, who are particularly at risk of both post-flu complications and the severe course of COVID-19. Second, the healthcare system is overburdened in a pandemic. We already have a problem with getting to the GP. In the fall, when the infection season begins, it will be even worse.

Flu pandemics around the world

MYTH: The flu vaccine should be given in the summer. In the infection season, it doesn't make sense anymore

The highest number of cases of flu is recorded from January to March. Many patients are also diagnosed in the fall. So it doesn't matter when we get the vaccine. It provides protection, usually two weeks after administration.

MYTH: It's better to get the flu than to get vaccinated

Flu cannot be cured with vitamin C. Let us emphasize once again - it is not a common cold, but a serious disease that takes its toll every year. We don't know how our body will react to the virus. We can go through the disease asymptomatically, but we will still infect others, e.g. our parents and grandparents, who may develop a full-blown disease and complications that are dangerous to health.

Every day we make health mistakes that have a greater or lesser impact on us. We are aware of most of them, and we try to avoid them. We take care of physical activity, diet, we avoid stimulants. However, there are some that we commit automatically, and we don't realize that we should avoid them. How many of them have you done in the last hour?

  1. Did you touch your face?

We do this unconsciously many times a day. We touch the forehead, cheeks, and lips. What's so dangerous about that? The problem here is the things we touched on a moment earlier. It can be anything like a computer keyboard, office door handle, toilet door, or a handle on a bus. Each of these surfaces is teeming with all sorts of bacteria. We unconsciously transfer them to the face and sometimes even rub them into the skin. What are we facing? First of all, catch the flu or other infection faster. We also increase the risk of facial rashes, pimples, or acne on the face.

2. Haven't you moved from your chair?

A sedentary lifestyle in our time is already the standard. We stay in front of the desk for several hours, often remaining motionless for a long time. This is reflected in our health - the risk of being overweight, problems with circulation, or joints are just some of the constant sitting effects. Even if we exercise regularly, we cannot eliminate the impact of the lack of exercise for most of the day. It's a good idea to get up from behind your desk every 30-60 minutes, even to stretch your limbs or stretch. We will achieve even better results if we go downstairs during this break or walk around the office.

3. Have you checked social networks?

Addiction to Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram is an increasingly common phenomenon. Even while working or studying, we check the news several times an hour. This causes problems with concentration or the emergence of fears of "being out of date" (the so-called FOMO - Fear Of Missing Out ). Social networking sites also increase the likelihood of relationship problems, from increasing jealousy to greater betrayal propensity.

4. Did you eat at your desk?

It doesn't matter if it was fruit, nuts, chocolate, or chips - the effect is the same. We eat a lot more calories than we would do if we focus only on eating. We take a long time to feel full, so we eat more and more. When eating in front of the computer, we often choose snacks that replace our everyday meal. This affects weight and health.

5. Have you lost your workplace?

Chaos on the desk hurts the organization of work - we waste time finding specific things, we get nervous and stress more. It has also been proven that we make less rational decisions more often in such situations. Researchers from the University of Minnesota tested it on a group of people who were offered a snack - an apple or a chocolate bar during work. People working in cluttered places more often reached for sweets, while people who had ordered around them made more rational choices and decided on fruit.

6. Did you ignore the need to use the bathroom?

If we want to finish the e-mail, make one more phone call, add a few last sentences to the project, we ignore our body's needs. It's okay to hold your urine for a few minutes occasionally. The problem arises if this happens regularly. This can cause bladder and urinary problems - infections, inflammation, and even urinary issues.

Most of us make similar mistakes every day - stress and chasing deadlines mean that we miss such small situations. However, it's time to realize that repeating them every day is not indifferent to your physical and mental health.