The sore throat hurts the most immediately after waking up. During the day, we can even forget about it. However, the cold does not go away so easily.
1. Sore Throat and Cold
A sore throat is not always caused by an infection . It can also be caused by inhalation of too dry or cold air, especially when breathing with your mouth or due to air pollution like smog or smokes etc. If the symptoms of a sore throat go almost immediately after getting out into the fresh air (when the reason is, for example, air conditioning) or entering a warm room (when the reason is cold air), there is no reason to use specialized treatment.
Both the common cold and the sore throat itself are most often caused by viruses. This means that in most cases, antibiotics that only work on bacterial infections will not help here.
Sometimes a cold starts with a sore throat. Runny nose, especially at night, irritates and causes the spread of infection. That’s why we usually feel worse in the morning.
Typical symptoms that mean a cold are:
- runny nose,
- scratching in the throat,
- low fever.
2. Sore Throat and Angina
Sore throat may also turn to be angina, which is caused by bacteria. In this case, antibiotics will help in the treatment. However, the statement that it is definitely angina requires laboratory testing and not just “looking down your throat”.
Angina is accompanied by more severe symptoms than in the case of a cold:
- The sore throat is sharper,
- The fever is higher – above 38 degrees Celsius (100.4°F),
- Often causes enlargement of the lymph nodes.
Angina can even lead to rheumatic fever, which is a serious systemic disease and can cause heart defects.
3. Sore Throat – Prevention
As with any infection, hygiene is the most important thing. The following rules should reduce the risk of getting to a minimum.
- Wash your hands often, especially before eating.
- Avoid close contact with people complaining of a sore throat. Remember, however, that the common cold is contagious before the onset of symptoms.
- Air humidifiers can prevent throat pain resulting from inhaling too dry air.
- Remember: until recently, the removal of tonsils was considered a method for sore throat recommended for everyone. Currently, this is only recommended in some cases.
4. Sore Throat – Treatment
There are several ways to get a sore throat . They will help relieve symptoms and even cure a cold. But if the symptoms are sharper, they mean angina and then you have to go to the doctor.
If you have a sore throat, it will help you:
- Drinking as much hot liquids as possible – tea with honey and lemon can relieve pain (but in some cases help with cold drinks and ice cream!),
- Gargle a few times a day with warm water and salt (half a teaspoon per glass),
- Lozenges increase the production of saliva and may help in moistening the throat (you have to be careful when it comes to small children – they may choke on such a candy),
- Inhalations moisturize and sooth throat,
- Non- prescription drugs containing paracetamol.
Remember to never give aspirin to your child! It is also risky to use aspirin in viral infections, as it can lead to serious complications such as the Rey Syndrome.
5. Sore Throat – Danger
You should contact your doctor if the sore throat is getting worse, as well as:
- With fever above 38 degrees Celsius,
- If there is oil in the throat,
- There was also a rash,
- You have difficulty breathing,
- If you notice enlarged lymph nodes.